Carlos Cruz Diéz

Caracas, Venezuela, 923.

Sculptor, painter, draftsman, illustrator, and designer. He studied at the Cristóbal Rojas School of Fine and Applied Arts of Caracas from 1939 to 1945. A year later and until 1951 he became the Art Director of McCann Erickson Advertising Agency and also illustrates for the newspaper El Nacional. Between 1953 and 1955 he taught History of Applied Arts at the School of Fine and Applied Arts. In 1955 he traveled to Barcelona and Paris, where he met Jesús Rafael Soto and other artists interested in dynamic abstract art using new mediums. In 1957 he taught typography and graphic design at the School of Journalism and at the Central University of Venezuela. He arrived in Paris in 1960, where he continued teaching. He has received, among others, the Gran Premio of the III Bienal Americana de Arte in 1966 and the Premio Internacional de Pintura at the IX Bienal de São Paulo in 1967. During the 50s he made illustrations for several books published by the Ministry Venezuelan Education. In 1955, he begins to explore the generation of virtual color depending on the viewer’s movement from 1955, exploration addressed in his Fisiocromías. With this idea, he created atmospheres called Transcromías and Cromosaturaciones. Among his most important solo exhibitions are: Instituto Venezolano-Americano (Caracas, 1947); Buchholz Gallery (Madrid, 1955); “Cruz-Diez. Fisicromías”, Museo de Bellas Artes (Caracas, 1960); “Physichromies de Cruz-Diez. Œuvres de 1954 à 1965”, Galerie Jacques Kerchache (Paris, 1965); Musée de Beaux-Arts, La Chaux-de-Fonds (Switzerland, 1976); Städtisches Museum, Gelsenkirchen (Germany, 1988); “El color sucede”, Museu d’Art Espanyol Contemporani, Fundación Juan March (Palma de Mallorca, Spain); Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Fundación Juan March (Cuenca, Spain, 2009). His works are in museums and collections including, among others: Arithmeum (Bonn, Germany); The Museum of Modern Art (New York, USA); Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, Neue Pinakothek (Munich, Germany); Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango, Banco de la República (Bogotá, Colombia); Casa de las Américas (La Habana, Cuba) and Daros-Latinamerica Collection (Zurich, Switzerland).