Fernando De Szyszlo

Lima, Perú, 1925 - 2017

Painter, sculptor, teacher, and writer. He started studying architecture at the Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería, although he never finished it, entering in 1944 in the Escuela de Artes de la Pontificia Universidad Católica. In 1947 he founded, together with the poet Emilio Adolfo Westphalen, the cultural magazine Las Moradas. Between 1949 and 1953 he traveled and lived in Europe; during his stay in Paris, Szyszlo got to know Octavio Paz and André Breton. He becomes acquainted with informalist trends, particularly with the abstraction and neoplasticism. The paintings of those years show a tendency towards an abstract poetics with surreal appearance, achieved by the lyricism of color, the use of textures, and control of a unique light that characterizes his later work. In 1956 he worked as a professor of painting at the Facultad de Arte de la Pontificia Universidad Católica. He was invited in 1957 to the Bienal de São Paulo (Brasil). In 1963 he taught at the Department of Painting at the Cornell University (New York) and in 1973 at the Department of Art at the University of Texas (Austin). Among his most important solo exhibitions are: Instituto Cultural Perúano-Norteamericano (Lima, 1947); Mai Galerie (Paris, 1950); Museu de Arte Moderna (Rio de Janeiro, 1956); White Art Museum, Cornell University (New York, 1963); Museo de Arte Moderno (Bogotá, 1972); Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de América Latina (Washington DC, 1985); Durban Segnini Gallery (Caracas, 1990) and Museo de Arte de Lima (Lima, 2011). His works are present in different museums and collections, among which are: Museum of Modern Art (New York, USA); Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Lima (Lima, Perú); Museum of Fine Arts (Dallas, USA); Museo de Bellas Artes (Caracas); The Solomon Guggenheim Museum (New York, USA); Casa de las Américas (La Habana, Cuba); Musée national d’art moderne, Centre National d’Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou (Paris, France) and Pérez Simón Collection (México DF, México).